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Broad Applicability

Broad Applicability “Emergence is a profound subject that straddles many scientific disciplines, including the formation of galaxies and how consciousness arises from the collective activity

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The Main Paper

The Main Paper “Greater than the parts: A review of the information decomposition approach to causal emergence,” By Pedro A.M. Mediano, et al. (Universities of

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The Brain

The Brain “THE BRAIN is, basically speaking, a predictive machine, designed to reduce environmental incertitude.” https://lnkd.in/eiz2uZmG Share the knowledge!

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Limits of Mind

Limits of Mind “Physics lacks well-established examples of strong emergence, unless it is interpreted as the impossibility in practice to explain the whole in terms

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Irreducible

Irreducible “Strong emergence describes the direct causal action of a high-level system upon its components; qualities produced this way are irreducible to the system’s constituent

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Strong Emergence

Strong Emergence “Crucial in these simulations is that the interacting members retain their independence. If not, a new entity is formed with new, emergent properties:

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Weak Emergence

Weak Emergence “Weak Emergence is a type of emergence in which the emergent property is amenable to computer simulation or similar forms of after-the-fact analysis

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Two Types

Two Types “Usage of the notion «emergence» may generally be subdivided into two perspectives, that of «weak emergence» and «strong emergence».” https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emergence Share the knowledge!

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Origin of Complexity

Origin of Complexity “Corning stated: «It is the synergistic effects produced by wholes that are the very cause of the evolution of complexity in nature.»

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Features of Emergence

Features of Emergence The common characteristics are: “(1) radical novelty (features not previously observed in systems); (2) coherence or correlation (meaning integrated wholes that maintain

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A definition

A definition Goldstein initially defined emergence as: «the arising of novel and coherent structures, patterns and properties during the process of self-organization in complex systems».

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Emergence

Emergence “In philosophy, systems theory, science, and art, emergence occurs when an entity is observed to have properties its parts do not have on their

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Fragment from Nature

Fragment from Nature Fragment from nature concerns the phenomenon of emergence. “The phrase “more is different” was coined by PW Anderson in 1972, and sums

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Stone vs Wood

Stone vs Wood “Experienced stone carvers say they can listen to the block of stone and feel when it will split through the strain on

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Tightly Woven

Tightly Woven “In order to appreciate how important a role entropy and gravitation play, let us first summarize the crucial steps in Verlinde’s derivation of

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Gravity and Disorder

Gravity and Disorder “Entropy and gravitation come together in Jacobson’s idea of gravitational thermodynamics. Essentially Jacobson proposes that gravity is simply a consequence of disorder

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Fixing the Model

Fixing the Model “These apparent shortcomings of ΛCDM motivated the author and his collaborators to construct the Modified Dark Matter (MDM), a phenomenological dark matter

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Model Problems

Model Problems “The standard cosmological model, ΛCDM, has been very successful. But aside from the fact that dark matter particles have not been (directly) detected,

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Dark Energy Quanta

Dark Energy Quanta “According to the holographic spacetime foam model, the constituents of dark energy are quanta/“particles” with very long wavelengths.” https://www.mdpi.com/1099-4300/21/11/1035/htm Share the knowledge!

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Creative Machines

Creative Machines “And suddenly we noticed that one of the neurons was tracking faces. It was tracking our faces as we were moving around. Now,

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QED

QED “We conclude that a dark sector indeed exists in the Universe!” https://www.mdpi.com/1099-4300/21/11/1035/htm Share the knowledge!

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The Implication

The Implication  “Thus, there must be other kinds of matter/energy with which the Universe can map out its spacetime geometry to a finer spatial accuracy

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Read Carefully

Read Carefully “Our analysis of the Salecker-Wigner type of gedanken experiments and implied by the holographic principle: it is now apparent that ordinary matter contains

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Einstein’s Fudge Factor

Einstein’s Fudge Factor “Alternatively one can interpret these long-wavelength quanta as constituents of dark energy, contributing a more or less uniformly distributed cosmic energy density

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Macro = Micro

Macro = Micro “Thus intriguingly, the large-scale physics of dark energy is intimately connected to the small-scale physics of spacetime foam.” https://www.mdpi.com/1099-4300/21/11/1035/htm Share the knowledge!

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Long Wavelenght Quanta

Long Wavelenght Quanta “This scenario is very similar to that of quintessence, but it has its origin in local small scale physics—specifically, the holographic spacetime

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New Laws of Physics?

New Laws of Physics? “While Newton’s laws have been tested to high accuracy on terrestrial scales, the laws of gravity could, in principle, be different

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Non-Particle Quanta

Non-Particle Quanta “These long-wavelength bits or “particles” carry negligible kinetic energy. (Note the quotations around the word “particles”. Such long-wavelength quanta can hardly be called

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