ARTIFICIAL LINE. “There is no such thing as life! There are interesting chemical reactions, like Stephen Hawking, and less interesting chemical reactions like salt crystals…There is no line, no ‘breath of life’ separating living from nonliving. That is a metaphysical bit of silliness. We should focus on interesting over boring chemical reactions and forget about this line that does not exist except in our own minds.” (The famous quantum physicist, Jonathan P. Dowling (2013), Page 430).